Aedes biscaynesis is the latest mosquito to invade Florida The Aedes is native to the Bahamas islands discovered by Spielman and Weyer in 1965, then a species of Aedes with a distinct subgenus (Howardina) bahamensis Berlin was published the first time in Florida in October 1986. They were found in Dade and Broward counties in South Florida and the first time this species and the subgenus, Howardina of Aedes was recorded in the United States. It is a possible transmitter of St. Louis encephalitis virus. Aedes biscaynesis is the newest member to make the list of 9 other aedes species now found in Florida  Control will include an integrated approach including removal of water sources with ATSB, IGR, Pyrethrids, Biologicals, Natural oils. Aedes biscaynesis is also related to aedes agypti  aedes albopictus, aedes infirmatus, aedes sollicitans and aedes fulvus, aedes taeniorhynchus, aedes tormentor, aedes triseriatus, aedes vexans.

Distribution of Aedes biscaynesis

It is distributed in the tropics like the rest of the family. Currently, the state of Aedes is located in southern Florida, in southern Dade and Broward counties, in both urban and rural areas and in the Everglades. It can be found in association with Ae. aegypti.

Bitting of Aedes biscaynesis

Ae. biscaneysis has a predilection for biting humans, usually thy remain inactive during the day until 1 or 2 hours before sunset, continuing its activity at night.

Habitat of the Aedes biscaynesis mosquito

It has been shown that Ae. biscaneysis is a peridomestic mosquito, however, it has been observed in poorly developed commercial, industrial and rural areas, which focus on water accumulations, such as oil barrels, cemetery vases, buckets, cans, clogged rain gutters, ornamental ponds, drums, pet water containers, birdbaths and natural activities such as tree holes, rocks and natural water wells.

Feeding of Aedes biscaynesis

These are domestic and wild animals such as cats, dogs, squirrels, deer, among other mammals, also includes birds, but with an important predilection for humans. The Ae. the female biscaneysis has an important characteristic and is autogenous, it has the capacity to carry out its first gonotrophic cycle of feeding vertebrate blood, a trait that allows it to depend less on the sites where the hosts are for food.

Life cycle of the Aedes biscaynesis mosquito

The complete cycle from egg to adult is aquatic and under optimal conditions (25 ° C), it can be completed in approximately 20 days.

Adults Aedes biscaynesis

The adults measure from 3 to 6 mm, and are easily recognizable with a prominent median fringe of a flattened silver-white flattened scale that lengthens and rises between the antennae; the lower part is reddish brown or black, also the lines of golden scales characteristic.

Eggs of Aedes biscaynesis

The females after four or five days after feeding on blood lay their eggs individually just above the surface of the water.

Larvae Aedes biscaynesis

The history of life, the development of temperature, the passage through 4 stages and the energy of the matter and the particles that are in the water; In this case, plots of thorns are found in the dorsal area, these tufts and spines are present in Ae. biscaneysis but not in Ae. Aegypti.

Pupae Aedes biscaynesis

The development of information occurs in two days. Aedes larvae and pupae are some of those found in discarded tires, both in shaded sites or not.

Associated diseases with Aedes biscaynesis

The Ae has not been shown like a vector of viral diseases, has been administered to mosquitoes by chikungunya intravenous virus and dengue, getting negative results, the titles did not persist and the virus was not replicated. Has been demonstrated its possible participation in the transmission of St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLE)

Control of Aedes biscaynesis

Control is fundamentally based on reducing and eliminating breeding habitat, larvae development sites, treatments with larvicides and adulticides. Treatment of stagnant water with microbial larvicides. Introduction of natural predators. Decrease of human-vector contact. Recommend the use of protection with appropriate clothing to avoid mosquitoes bites, wear long sleeves and insect repellent such as DEET to reduce exposure to bites. ATSB Atractant Sugar Baits Biological larvicides includes products containing Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, spinosad, beauveria bassiana strain gha Insect growth regulators Juvenile hormone analogs (S-Methoprene, pyriproxyfen) chitin synthesis inhibitors (Novaluron). Use of microencapsulated pyrethroids Deltametrhin, lambda-Cyhalothrin, Esfenvalerate, beta-Cyfluthrin.