Mosquitoes

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Introduction to Mosquitoes in South Florida

South Florida’s warm, humid climate is not just attractive to tourists and residents; it also provides an ideal breeding ground for a wide variety of mosquito species. These biting insects are more than just a nuisance; they are vectors for several serious diseases that can affect humans and animals alike. Effective mosquito management is crucial to public health in the region. Understanding the behaviors and characteristics of the different mosquito species present in South Florida is key to developing targeted control strategies and reducing the risk of mosquito-borne diseases.

Basic Facts About Mosquitoes

  • Mosquitos belong to the insect order of Diptera or flies.
  • There are over 170 species of mosquitoes in the U.S.
  • Mosquitoes require water for the development of eggs, larva, pupa, and adults.
  • Only the female will suck blood but both male and female will feed on sugar and nectar.
  • Most adults live up to 14 days but females can over-winter as adults.

3 Important genera of mosquitoes in South Florida.

Aedes is associated with transiting the Zeka Virus commonly known as the Yellow Fever Mosquito or the Asian Tiger Mosquito.

The Aedes mosquito prefers to rest in lo vegetation such as plants and shrubs closer to the ground, unlike the culex and Anophets mosquito that bites in the evening or dawn and dusk, the Aedes mosquito will bite in the daytime and prefers to lay its eggs in man-made habitats like ponds, bird baths, flower pots, and fountains.

Anopheles known as the Malaria mosquito because it is responsible for transmitting malaria Anophtes mosquitoes like to rest in shaded areas in corners and behind bushes and are most active at Dusk and Dawn, it prefers to lay eggs in clean fresh water.

Culex mosquito is known as the Northern house mosquito and the Southern house mosquito likes to rest high up in the bushes as high as 25 feet it is most active in the evening and is responsible for transmitting West Nile Virus it can lay eggs in temporary water.

Mosquitoes can rest under decks, in and under foliage, under soffits, and on the perimeter of homes and buildings.

Insecticides to control adult mosquitoes resting around your home or business along with larvicides to control mosquito larva in areas of standing water along with good cultural practices may be required to control mosquitoes.

Give us a call for more information about our natural and synthetic mosquito control service.

Diseases that are spread to people by mosquitoes include

Zika virus, West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, dengue, and malaria, Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus, Japanese Encephalitis Virus, La Crosse Encephalitis, St. Louis Encephalitis.

Most Common Mosquitoes In South Florida That Can Transmit Diseases

Anopheles Mosquitoes (Anopheles spp.)

Anopheles mosquitoes are perhaps most notorious for their role in transmitting malaria to humans. These mosquitoes are distinguishable by their unique resting position, which involves tilting their bodies upward at an angle to the surface. In South Florida, Anopheles mosquitoes contribute to the complexity of the region’s mosquito population and the ongoing efforts to control mosquito-borne illnesses.

Southern House Mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus)

The Southern House Mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, is a common species in South Florida, known for its role in spreading diseases such as West Nile virus, Saint Louis encephalitis, and filariasis. This species prefers to breed in polluted standing water and is often found around human dwellings, making it a significant concern for residential areas.

Culex Nigripalpus

Culex nigripalpus is another species that thrives in South Florida’s climate. It is a vector for several diseases, including West Nile virus and Saint Louis encephalitis. This mosquito species is adaptable, able to breed in a variety of water sources, which contributes to its widespread presence and the challenge of controlling its population.

Aedes Mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti & Aedes albopictus)

Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are two closely related species known for transmitting dengue, Zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever viruses. Aedes aegypti, also known as the Yellow Fever Mosquito, and Aedes albopictus, the Asian Tiger Mosquito, are highly adaptive and thrive in close proximity to humans. They prefer to lay their eggs in artificial containers that hold water, making urban environments ideal for their proliferation.

Mansonia Mosquitoes (Mansonia spp.)

Mansonia mosquitoes are unique in their breeding habits, as they attach their eggs to aquatic vegetation. This genus includes species that are vectors for filariasis and certain arboviruses. Although less known than some other genera, Mansonia mosquitoes are part of the diverse mosquito fauna in South Florida, contributing to the region’s vector-borne disease dynamics.

Salt Marsh Mosquito (Aedes taeniorhynchus)

The Salt Marsh Mosquito, Aedes taeniorhynchus, is particularly prevalent in coastal areas of South Florida. Known for their aggressive biting behavior, these mosquitoes can migrate long distances from their breeding sites in salt marshes. While they are not typically known as major disease vectors, their swarms can significantly impact the quality of life for residents and visitors in affected areas.

List Of Mosquito found In Florida

Aedes

  • aegypti
  • albopictus
  • bahamensis
  • fulvus pallens
  • infirmatus
  • sollicitans
  • taeniorhynchus
  • tormentor
  • triseriatus
  • vexans

Anopheles

  • crucians
  • quadrimaculatus
  • walkery

Coquillettidia

  • perturbans

Culex

  • biscaynesis
  • declarator
  • erraticus
  • nigripalpus
  • pilosus
  • quinquefasciatus
  • restuans
  • salinarius
  • territans

Deinocerites

  • cancer

Mansonia

  • dyari
  • titillans

Orthopodomyia

  • signifera

Psorophora

  • ciliata
  • columbiae
  • ferox
  • johnstonii

Toxorhynchities

  • rutilus

Uranotaenia

  • lowii
  • sapphirina

Wyeomyia

  • mitchellii

Vanduzeei

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